What Do Different Psychiatry Professionals Do?
Psychiatry is the field of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of psychological, social and emotional disorders. A psychiatrist is usually a licensed medical doctor (a D.O. or M.D.) who specializes in mental illness, which includes substance abuse disorders.
Today, psychiatrists often treat patients with many different types of psychotherapy, such as cognitive therapy, interpersonal therapy, and psychodynamic therapy, or psychodynamic psychotherapy. Cognitive therapy helps patients think, feel, and act rationally and without feeling guilty. Psychodynamic psychotherapy treats a patient’s unconscious mind to find and treat negative thoughts and emotions that cause anxiety and depression. Finally, many psychiatrists also use medication to treat their patients, either using medications alone or in conjunction with psychotherapy and other forms of therapy.
The field of psychiatry has many areas of specialization. People suffering from mental disorders can be categorized into two broad categories: those who are psychologically ill but do not have schizophrenia, and those with schizophrenia who are not mentally ill but have behaviors related to it. Schizophrenia is a brain disorder and has many symptoms, such as disjointed, disorganized, and extreme behavior, which can include hallucinations, delusions, and anti-social behaviors. Schizophrenia can affect people from all socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds, and can last a lifetime.
When one-on-one or group therapy is used to treat anxiety disorder, a psychiatrist often uses cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT to help patients change their thinking patterns. Cognitive behavioral therapy teaches the patient to think more positively and reduce negative thoughts. A psychiatrist might also prescribe one or more medications to help control symptoms. If the patient has already taken medications to control symptoms of the anxiety disorder, a psychiatrist may refer the patient to an oncologist, who will prescribe different types of medicines that will target the problem areas of the anxiety disorder.
Depression is another serious mental disorders that require the attention of a psychiatrist. Depression is often associated with a chemical imbalance in the brain, usually related to the serotonin in the brain. A psychiatrist must diagnose the depression in his patient using several diagnostic tools such as the psychiatrists’ scale for depression, the physician’s form for abnormal depression, theipolar spectrum disorder test, and the patient’s questionnaire concerning depressive episodes. In addition, the psychiatrist might also recommend treating the underlying chemical imbalance in the brain with medication. The primary goal of treatment is to prevent future episodes of depression and anxiety.
Another specialty of psychiatry is forensic psychiatry, which deals with cases that involve homicide, suicide, or other violent crimes. A doctor who is involved in this specialization must have a doctorate degree, and must be a member of a professional organization such as the American Medical Association or the psychiatry department of the Department of Defense. Forensic psychiatrist specializes in a variety of topics related to theicidal behavior, substance abuse, delusional issues, and the history of the crime. They must also be skilled in the use of special equipment and devices to diagnose the crime. Forensic psychiatrist doctors are required to meet specific educational and clinical requirements before they can practice in a court of law.
Clinical psychiatry and psychotherapy are the third category of specialists working in the field of psychiatry. Often times, these three specialists will work together to help diagnose and treat patients. The roles played by these mental health professionals are very important in ensuring that the patient’s overall well being is achieved. A psychiatrist who is involved in psychotherapy often works closely with the patient’s family, and they often collaborate with the social workers and therapists to ensure that the patient is able to fully recover from their disorder. Other professionals who may work closely with psychotherapists include nurses and mental health counselors.
Sometimes all of these mental health professionals will work together at one time or with one psychiatrist. In this case, they would collaborate through an agency, such as a private firm. When working with a large group of these mental health professionals, it is important that each psychiatrist takes turns diagnosing and treating patients. This way, everybody stays on task and all members of the team are working together towards a common goal. However, when working alone, each psychiatrist is responsible for his or her own patients, as well.